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Recent Trends and Future Scope in Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is an interdisciplinary field and has three main extensive areas: Nanoelectronics, nonmaterial and nanobiotechnology which find applications in materials and electronics, environment, metrology, energy, security, robotics, healthcare, information technology, biomimetics, pharmaceuticals, manufacturing, agriculture, construction, transport, and food processing and storage related learning in Best Polytechnic College in Rajasthan.

A. Nanobiotechnology Drug delivery- New formulations for drug and gene therapies, tissue engineering reproduction and repair of damaged tissues using nanomaterial-based scaffolds.

B. Nanotechnology and medical applications- Development of newer drug delivery systems based on nanotechnology methods is being tried for conditions like cancer, diabetes, fungal infections, viral infections and in gene therapy.

Nano-Electro-Mechanical Systems (NEMS)

All electronic tools have one thing in common: an integrated circuit (IC) acting as their brain. Nanoelectro-mechanical systems working is taught in Best Polytechnic College in Rajasthan and it has evolved during the last 10 years and helped creating sensors and actuators at the same scale as the accompanying nanoelectronics. Recent developments in synthesis of nanomaterials with excellent electrical and mechanical properties have extended the boundaries of NEMS applications to include more advanced devices such as the non-volatile Nano-electro-mechanical memory, where information is transferred and stored through a series of electrical and mechanical actions at the nanoscale.

Molecular Nanosystems-This stage involves the intelligent design of molecular and atomic devices, leading to unprecedented understanding and control over the basic building blocks of all natural and man-made things. Nanoproducts in Biology applied to a field might search out and transform hazardous materials and mix a specified amount of oxygen into the soil.

Singularity -Every exponential curve eventually reaches a point where the growth rate becomes almost infinite. This point is often called the Singularity. The first is continued material demands and competitive pressures will continue to drive technology forward.

Second, at some point artificial intelligence advances to a point where computers enhance and accelerate scientific discovery and technological change. In other words, intelligent machines start to produce discoveries that are too complex for humans. According to Best Polytechnic College in Rajasthan, new technology often requires significant organizational change and additional expenses in order to have a full impact and this can delay the social impact of new discoveries.



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